Alimyar, Z. (2020). Outcome-based education training workshops: A study to explore their effectiveness on Afghan EFL instructions’ teaching methods. International Journal of Education and Culture, 9 (1-2), 18-30.
Biggs J., Tang, C. (2015). Constructive alignment: An outcomes-based approach to teaching anatomy. In: Chan L., Pawlina W. (eds) Teaching anatomy. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08930-0_4
Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3, 77–101. https://doi.org/10.1191/14780 88706 qp063oa
Brown, H. D. (2004). Language assessment: Principles and classroom practices. Pearson Education.
Curriculum Bylaw, (2018). Revised curriculum bylaw. Ministry of Higher Education, Kabul. Afghanistan.
English Department Report (2018). Tracking English department’s graduates. Unpublished report from Faculty of Letters and Humanities, Herat University.
Felder, R. M. and Brent, R., (2003). Designing and teaching courses to satisfy the ABET engineering criteria. Journal of Engineering Education, 92(1), 7-25.
Gettinger, M., & Seibert, J., K., (2006). Best practices in increasing academic learning time. Best Practices in School Psychology, 5, 1-15.
Hassan, M. S. (2012). Challenges of implementing outcome based engineering education in universities in Bangladesh. In 2012 7th International Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (pp. 362-364). IEEE.
Jager, A. D. (2002). An integrated and holistic approach to assessment in outcome-based learning in South Africa. Thesis submitted to Faculty of Education, University Pretoria.
Johnson, D. W., Johnson, R. T., and Smith, K. A., (2007). Active learning: Cooperation in the college classroom, interaction book company, Edina, Minn.
Mohammad, S., & Samian, Y. & Phang, F. A. (2016). Outcome-based education (OBE): An overview. Centre for engineering education. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. Malayisa.
MoHE-teaching, Material Policy, (2018). Policy on university teaching materials. Ministry of Higher Education, Kabul. Afghanistan.
Lee, H. (2003). Outcomes-based education and the cult of educational efficiency: Using curriculum and assessment reforms to drive educational policy and practice. Education Research and Perspectives, 30(2), 60–107.
Patton, M. Q. (2002). Qualitative research. Encyclopedia of statistics in behavioral science.
Rajaee, N. Junaidi, E. Taib, S.N.L. Salleh, S.F. & Munot, M. A. (2013). Issues and challenges in implementing outcome based education in engineering education. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research. (1) 1-4.
Ramoroka, N. J. (2007). Educators’ understanding of the premises underpinning outcomes-based education and its impact on their classroom assessment practices. Thesis submitted to Faculty of Education, University Pretoria.
Sekhar, C. R., Farook, O., and Bouktache, E. (2008). Continuous improvement process based on outcome based education. Proceedings The 2008 IAJC-IJME International Conference. ISBN 978-1-60643-379-9
Spady, W. and Tang, C. (2015). Constructive alignment: An outcomes-based approach to teaching anatomy. In Teaching Anatomy: A Practical Guide. 1st Ed. New York, NY: Springer.
Spady, W. (1986). The emerging paradigm of organizational excellence: Success through planned adaptability. Peabody Journal of Education, 63(4), 53.
Spady, W. (1988). Organizing for results: The basis of authentic restructuring and reform. Educational Leadership. Vol. 46, No. 2 pp. 4–8.
Spady, W. (1993). Outcome-based education. Belconnen, ACT: Australian Curriculum Studies Association.
Spady, W. (1994). Outcome-based education: Critical issues and answers. Association of School Administration, Arlington Virginia: America.
Wright, G. B. (2011). Student-centered learning in higher education. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 23(1), 92-97.
Zeynal, H. Zakaria, Z. Anisseh, M. and Mansoorzadeh, S. (2017). Strategic implementation of outcome-based education system in Buein-Zahra Technical University of Iran. IEEE 9th International Conference on Engineering Education (ICEED), Kanazawa, Japan